What Is Point Of View In Writing And How Does It Work?

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Are you having trouble understanding the concept of point of view in writing? You’re not alone! Many professionals and aspiring writers often struggle with this craft element, so today we’re diving into what it is, how to recognize its various forms, and how it can be used for maximum effect.

By the end of this post, you should have a much better grasp on the power of point of view—both as an individual writer and from a reader’s perspective too. So let’s get started!

What Is Point Of View In Writing And How Does It Work

What Is Point of View in Writing?

Point of view in writing refers to the perspective from which a story is told. It is like the lens through which readers view a story’s characters, events, and setting. The point of view can greatly influence the reader’s understanding and interpretation of a story. There are several types of point of view, including:

  • First-person – the narrator is a character in the story
  • Second person – addresses the reader directly
  • Third person – can be limited, where we see the story through the eyes of one or a few characters
  • Omniscient – the narrator knows everything about the story’s characters and events.

Choosing the right point of view can help to create a more engaging and immersive story. It can help readers to connect with the characters and events on a deeper level, making the story more memorable and impactful.

The Different Types of Point of View

Point of View (POV) is an important writing tool that can help writers create a captivating and unique story. There are several types of Points Of View available to the writer, each with its own benefits and drawbacks.

a. First Person

When it comes to storytelling, choosing the right point of view can make or break the reader’s connection to the story. The first person point of view, for example, has the unique ability to immerse readers into the protagonist’s world by allowing them access to the character’s inner thoughts and emotions. This intimate connection to the main character can create a powerful bond between the reader and the story.

However, first person narration can also be limiting, as readers only see the events through the eyes of one character. Additionally, the narrator’s reliability can be called into question, as they may not have access to all the information or may have a biased perspective. Despite these drawbacks, first person point of view remains a popular choice for authors looking to create a more personal and immersive reading experience.

b. Second Person

Point of view is a crucial aspect of any narrative, dictating the perspective through which we view the story. One of the different types of points of view is the second person, characterized by the use of “you” instead of “I” or “he/she”. The second person has its benefits and drawbacks, offering a unique perspective for the reader to become fully immersed in the story, but also forcing writers to be creative in avoiding a sense of detachment.

It is a rare point of view in literature, often used in experimental or avant-garde writing. While it may not be suitable for every story, the second person point of view is a valuable tool in any writer’s arsenal, allowing for a fresh and engaging perspective to captivate readers.

c. Third Person Limited

When it comes to writing a story, choosing the right point of view can greatly affect the way your readers experience your narrative. One option writers have is Third Person Limited, where the story is told from the perspective of one character at a time. This allows for a deeper understanding of that character’s thoughts, emotions, and motivations.

However, this also limits the reader’s access to information outside of that character’s perspective. While it may be challenging to balance these pros and cons, Third Person Limited can be a valuable tool for creating a more intimate and compelling storyline.

By carefully selecting which character’s perspective to focus on, writers can draw their readers into a rich and immersive world, full of complex characters and intriguing plot twists.

d. Third Person Omniscient

When it comes to narrative storytelling, choosing the right point of view is essential. Third person omniscient is one of the most versatile and commonly used types of point of view in literature. This type of narrative allows the reader to have a bird’s eye view of the story and characters, knowing what is happening in multiple locations and in multiple minds. It also allows for a more objective view of the story, providing insight into the thought processes and motivations of different characters.

However, it can also be seen as a more distant type of narration, making it harder for the reader to truly connect with the characters. Nonetheless, third person omniscient remains a valuable and effective tool in the writer’s toolbox and can be used to great effect in the right hands.

No matter which point of view you choose to tell your story, the most important thing is that it feels right for your narrative. It’s essential to consider all the pros and cons before deciding on a POV as this will determine how readers interact with and experience your work. With an understanding of each type’s unique capabilities, you can create a captivating story that draws in readers from start to finish.

How to Choose the Right POV for Your Story

Among the most important decisions a writer has to make when crafting their story is the Point of View (POV). Point of view is a powerful tool that can help writers create captivating stories, but it can also be difficult to choose the right one for your story. To help writers make this decision, here is a list of steps to follow when choosing the right POV for your story:

  1. Figure Out Your Story’s Goals – Before you can decide on a POV, it’s important to determine what your story is trying to accomplish and who its main characters are. Ask yourself questions such as, “What do I want my readers to experience?” and “What is the main theme of my story?” Once you know the goals of your story, you can begin to narrow down the types of POV that are best suited for it.
  2. Consider Your Character’s Goals – Another important factor in deciding on a POV is considering your characters’ goals. Who is the protagonist and what are they trying to accomplish or learn? What kind of person are they and how do they view the world? Once you have a good understanding of your characters, it will be easier to decide which POV best suits them.
  3. Understand Your Options – There are four main types of POVs that writers can choose from: first-person, second-person third-person limited and third-person omniscient. Each has its own pros and cons, which you should consider before making a decision.
  4. Pick Your POV – Once you have considered your story’s goals, your character’s goals and the different types of POVs, it is time to make a decision. Very often, this comes down to a matter of personal preference and which one you feel best suits the story.

Choosing the right point of view can be difficult but by following these steps, you can ensure that your story has the perfect POV for its needs. Once you’ve chosen the right POV for your story you can focus on writing an engaging captivating story that will draw readers in and leave them wanting more.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Using Each Type Of POV

Point of view (POV) is a crucial element of any narrative. Choosing the right POV can either make or break your story. Whether it’s first person, second person or third person, each type of POV has its own set of benefits and drawbacks.

  • First-person POV allows the reader to identify with the protagonist, but it can also restrict the author’s ability to convey a broader perspective.
  • Second-person POV is useful when the author wants to include the reader in the story, but it can come off as awkward and cheesy at times.
  • Third-person POV allows the author to show multiple perspectives, but can also make it difficult for the reader to form an emotional connection with the characters.

As with everything in literature, the key to mastering POV is practice, experimentation and the ability to choose what works best for your particular story.

Tips For Writing In Each Type Of POV

When approaching writing in different points of view, it’s important to understand the different nuances and effects each one can have on your writing.

  • In first person, the narrator is a character in the story and narrates their own experiences, providing a more intimate and personal perspective.
  • Second person involves the reader in the story, creating a sense of immediacy and urgency.
  • Third person omniscient allows for a broader scope of narration, while still allowing the reader to connect with individual characters.
  • Third person limited narrows the focus to one character’s thoughts and experiences, creating a more intimate connection with that character.

Understanding these different perspectives can help guide your writing and create a more compelling and engaging story.

Common Mistakes Writers Make With POVs And How To Avoid Them  

Writing from different points of view (POV) is an incredibly important part of writing, but it can also be incredibly tricky to master. Common mistakes writers make when tackling POVs include not identifying which character’s viewpoint they are sharing, switching between characters far too quickly, or relying on one character’s viewpoint too much.

All of these mistakes can be easily avoided by sticking to one character’s perspective until the scene has ended, being aware when introducing new POVs, and having a consistent level of information given between characters. By taking the time to craft a clear point of view and understanding how to navigate changes in POV as the story progresses, writers can create a narrative that successfully immerses its readers into multiple perspectives without confusing.

Why It’s Important to Know About Point Of View Before You Start Writing?

Understanding point of view is crucial when it comes to writing anything from a short story to an academic essay. At its core, point of view refers to who is telling the story and how they perceive the events within. Whether it’s first-person, third-person limited, or third-person omniscient, the point of view significantly impacts the tone, style, and even the overarching message of the written work.

Without a clear understanding of point of view, it’s easy to become confused or overwhelmed by the story, and you may be unable to communicate your ideas cohesively to your readers. By taking the time to learn about the different types of point of view and how they work, you’ll be well on your way to crafting compelling and meaningful pieces of writing that will engage and inspire your audience.

Examples Of Different Types Of Points Of Views In Popular Books

In popular books, writers use various types of points of view to tell their stories. The three most common points of view are first-person, second-person, and third-person.

  • In a first-person point of view, the narrator is a character in the story, using “I” or “we” pronouns to share their experiences.
  • Second-person point of view addresses the reader directly with “you” pronouns, making the reader feel like they are a part of the story.
  • Third-person point of view pulls the reader away from the characters, using “he,” “she,” or “they” pronouns to describe the story’s events.

Understanding these different points of view can enhance your reading experience, as you’ll be able to identify how the author is presenting the story and how it affects the overall tone and mood.

How To Use An Unreliable Narrator Effectively

Using an unreliable narrator in storytelling can be a powerful tool, but it’s important to use it effectively.

  1. It’s crucial to establish the narrator’s point of view and voice, so readers understand their perspective.
  2. The narrator should be given a motive for their unreliability, whether it’s intentional deception, mental instability, or something else entirely.
  3. Adding subtle clues throughout the story can help build tension and keep the reader guessing.
  4. It’s important to have some revelation that puts the narrator’s reliability into question, whether it’s a twist ending or a sudden realization by the protagonist.

By carefully considering these steps, an unreliable narrator can add depth and complexity to a story, leaving readers questioning what is real and what is simply the narrator’s side of the story.

Differences Between Internal and External Conflict

Internal and external conflicts are two distinct types of struggles that characters face in literature. Internal conflicts are inner battles that take place within a character’s mind and emotions, while external conflicts are struggles that a character encounters with an outside force or another character.

Internal conflicts are often more complex and challenging to resolve, as they require a deep understanding of oneself and personal beliefs. External conflicts, on the other hand, have more tangible solutions and can be quickly resolved with a decisive action.

Understanding the differences between these two types of conflicts within a story can help readers gain a greater appreciation for the character’s struggles and appreciate their journey towards resolution.

Exploring Character Perspective Through POV

Understanding character perspective and point of view (POV) is crucial for any writer, as it affects the tone of the story and how readers engage with each character. POV refers to who is telling the story, and it can be categorized into three main types: first-person, second-person, and third-person.

Each POV has a distinct tone that can influence how readers perceive a character’s thoughts, emotions, and actions. For instance, in first-person POV, readers experience the story through the protagonist’s eyes and gain insight into their inner world.

In contrast, third-person omniscient POV allows readers to see the perspectives of multiple characters, adding depth and complexity to the story. By exploring different character perspectives through POV, writers can create a more impactful and immersive reading experience.

Creating Multiple Perspectives

Perspective is a powerful tool in our understanding of the world around us. It allows us to see things from different angles and provides us with a more nuanced understanding of the complexities of life. Creating multiple perspectives involves more than just considering different points of view; it requires actively seeking out and embracing alternative ways of thinking.

To do so allows us to challenge our assumptions, broaden our horizons, and ultimately come to more informed and empathetic conclusions. Whether it’s in our personal lives or in our professional endeavors, the ability to create multiple perspectives is an essential skill that can make a significant difference in how we interact with the world.

Showing Not Telling

Showing, not telling is a phrase that many writers may have come across in their writing journey. Simply put, it means that instead of stating something outright, you let the reader infer it from the actions and descriptions in your writing. For instance, instead of saying a character is sad, you could describe their slumped posture, tear-streaked face, and the trembling of their lips.

This approach can add depth and nuance to your writing, making it more engaging and impactful. It relies on the reader’s imagination to fill in the gaps, which can create a more immersive experience. The key to successful showing, not telling is to use vivid and descriptive language that carries emotion and conveys the intended meaning. By doing so, you can elevate your writing from mere description to a fully realized world that readers are eager to explore.

Ways To Create Emotional Depth Through The Use Of Point-Of-View

When it comes to crafting a truly emotional story, the use of point-of-view can be a powerful tool. By selecting a specific narrator, the writer can shape the reader’s experience and create a deeper connection to the characters and events of the tale.

  • For example, using a first-person perspective can allow the reader to fully immerse themselves in the protagonist’s thoughts and feelings, while a third-person limited perspective can provide more insight into a character’s thoughts without becoming too detached.

Additionally, adjusting the tone of the narration can create a range of emotions, from suspense to humor to heartbreak. By thoughtfully selecting the right point of view and tone, a writer can truly bring their story to life and create a meaningful, unforgettable impact on their readers.

Understanding The Power Of Point Of View In Writing

Point of view is a crucial aspect of writing that can have a significant impact on the tone and meaning of a piece. The perspective from which a story is told can alter how readers perceive the characters and events, and can even shape the message that the author intends to convey.

Whether it’s first-person, third-person limited, or third-person omniscient, choosing the right point of view can make all the difference in creating a compelling narrative that resonates with your audience. By mastering the power of point of view, writers can not only enhance their storytelling abilities but also craft a unique voice that stands out in the crowded literary landscape.


Point of View is an important tool in writing that can help you craft a captivating and unique story. It’s essential to understand which POV works best for your particular story, as each one has its own benefits and drawbacks. Knowing the common mistakes writers make with POV will also ensure that you don’t fall into any traps while crafting your narrative.

Ultimately, if used correctly, POV can be a powerful storytelling device that brings life to your characters and keeps readers engaged throughout the entire journey. So take some time to explore all of the possibilities that come with Points Of View before starting on your next project!


What is point of view in writing?

Point of view (POV) in writing is an important tool for creating a captivating story. It is the way you choose to tell the story, or which perspective readers get to experience it from. When deciding on a POV, consider the type of story you are writing and what type of connection you are trying to create between your characters and readers.

What types of point of views can be used?

The two main categories of point of view that writers use when telling their stories are first person and third person POVs. In first person narrator, readers follow the thoughts, feelings and actions of one character as they experience events within the story. In third person narrators, readers see events through different perspectives with limited access to characters’ inner thoughts and feelings.

What are the benefits and drawbacks of using each type of point of view?

Each POV has its own unique advantages and disadvantages. First person narrators allow readers to gain a personal connection with the character as they experience events in the story, which can be an effective way to draw readers into the story. However, this is also a limitation for first person narrators since you are limited to one perspective when telling your story. Third person narrators offer more flexibility in terms of perspectives, but can sometimes feel distant from the reader since there is not a direct connection between them and any particular character within the story.

What tips should writers consider when writing in each type of point of view?

When writing in first person POV, make sure to stay consistent with the character’s voice and perspective when narrating events. This will help readers stay connected to the story and keep them invested in your characters’ journeys. When writing in third person POV, pay close attention to which perspectives you are using as you write and consider how they affect the overall storytelling experience.

What are common mistakes writers make with point of views and how can they be avoided?

One of the most common mistakes writers make is switching points of view too often, which can lead to confusion for readers as they try to follow along with what is happening within the story. To avoid this mistake, take some time before you start writing to plan which perspectives will be used and how they will fit in with the overall narrative. Additionally, make sure to keep track of which point of view you are using as you write so that readers won’t get lost along the way.

Why is it important for writers to know about Point Of View before starting writing?

Knowing about Point Of View is essential for any writer as it can help them create a unique and captivating story. It allows writers to decide which perspectives their readers experience events from and helps build a connection between characters and readers. By understanding different types of POVs and their advantages and disadvantages, writers can craft stories that draw readers in and keep them invested until the end.

What are some examples of different types of Points Of Views in popular books?

Two great examples of classic books that use different points of view are F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby and J.D. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye. In The Great Gatsby, readers follow Nick Carraway as he narrates events from his own perspective while also catching glimpses of what other characters are thinking and feeling. In Catcher in the Rye, readers get an inside look at Holden Caulfield’s inner thoughts and feelings as he experiences life after being expelled from school.

How does Point Of View affect internal and external conflict?

Point of View can be used to build tension and create conflict. For example, if the story is told from the perspective of a main character, readers will experience their internal struggles as well as any external conflicts they face. This allows for a more engaging and complex narrative as readers can sympathize with characters on an emotional level. Additionally, by switching perspectives throughout the story, writers can create different types of tension through external conflict or opposing viewpoints between characters.

Ultimately, point of view is an essential tool that should not be overlooked when crafting a story. By understanding how POVs work and the various benefits and drawbacks that come with each type, writers can create stories that captivate their audiences and keep them invested until the end!

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